Hyperpigmentation is a common skin condition in which patches of skin are darker in color than the surrounding skin tissue. Freckles, sun spots, melasma, and other darkened skin patches caused mainly by sun exposure or aging are all examples of hyperpigmentation. Hyperpigmentation occurs where there is an excess of melanin, which is the body’s pigment that produces natural skin coloring. It is usually harmless, but many people are bothered by its appearance and seek treatment to achieve a more even skin tone. Hyperpigmentation can affect virtually all races of people.
Causes of Hyperpigmentation
Excessive Sun Damage
Sun exposure can cause age or liver spots. These are usually found on the hands and face. Overexposure to the sun can also darken freckles or other skin patches because the excess melanin absorbs the energy to protect the skin from overexposure. Broad spectrum sunscreen that blocks both UVA and UVB rays is essential protection against hyperpigmentation, as a single day of excess sun can undo months of treatment.
Acne can leave dark spots after the condition clears, leaving long-lasting or permanent discoloration of the skin.
Injuries or Scars
Scars or injuries can lead to discoloration of the skin. Scars that heal poorly after an injury or surgery can become more pronounced in texture and color.
Hyperpigmentation can also be inherited. An example is freckles on the face, arms, and other areas of the body.
Hormonal changes can trigger melasma or chloasma (larger areas of darkened skin). For example, pregnancy can trigger the overproduction of melanin, resulting in the “mask of pregnancy” on the face and other areas. Birth control pills can also lead to hyperpigmentation.
Treatments for Hyperpigmentation
Hyperpigmentation Skincare Products
Skin bleaching creams can lighten and fade darkened skin patches by slowing melanin production so that they gradually fade to match the normal skin coloration. Most prescription creams or bleaching creams contain hydroquinone as the active ingredient. For severe cases, prescription creams with tretinoin and cortisone cream can be used, but these may be irritating to sensitive skin and take three to six months to produce improvement.
Absolute Pearl Facial
60 minutes • $85
This first step in addressing hyperpigmentation uses crushed pearl powder and botanical extracts. Combining nature’s strength with advanced scientific research, this treatment offers your skin the light, beauty, and perfection of rare pearls. The Absolute Pearl Facial improves the skin’s luminosity, and its antioxidant benefits bestow an immediate brightness with a radiant glow. Combine this facial with a series of IPL skin treatments for an even more immediate lightening of hyperpigmentation.
Age Reversal Facial
60 minutes • $130
This ultimate anti-aging facial is our most popular facial for clients ages 25 and up. Using the power of Vitamin C and alpha hydroxy acids, this treatment maintains good skin and provides anti-aging benefits to infuse visible life into your skin. The renewing collagen masque restores skin elasticity and firmness, as well as softness, an even skin tone, and luminosity.
ENVIRON® Vitamin-Infused Facials
60 minutes • $125; Series of six treatments for $600
The ENVIRON Ionzyme® DFII Machine is at the forefront of scientific skincare. This facial infuses high doses of vitamins A and C as well as growth factors to penetrate through the skin’s natural waterproofing barrier so that it can better absorb the active ingredients. Technologically proven iontophoresis (electrical current) and sonophoresis (sound waves) can increase absorption of the active ingredients by an astounding 4,000 percent! This facial can effectively assist with acne scars, pigmentation, texture improvement, and aging skin. This treatment is best done in a series of 6 to 12 treatments.
45 minutes • $150
The advanced hydra dermabrasion technology of our HydraFacial® offers deep cleansing, full exfoliation, microdermabrasion, painless extractions of blackheads and debris, and infused hydration in a single soothing procedure. This is the newest technology for non-surgical facial rejuvenation! A great treatment for all skin types, the HydraFacial® targets fine lines and wrinkles, brown spots, acne, roughness, and skin tone.
ZO® Radical Repair Facial
60 minutes • $150
This reparative treatment restores skin clarity and reduces pigment spots and discoloration to create a radiant and more even skin tone and texture. Using citric, salicylic, and lactic acids, this vitamin-fortified facial supplies ample hydration to stimulate healthy cell growth, minimize pore size, and increase skin brightness and clarity.
$85; Series of six treatments for $450
The glycolic peel is a mild acid solution that is used to remove damaged outer layers of skin. As it enhances and smoothes skin texture, this treatment is effective for fine lines, wrinkles, and uneven skin pigmentation. A glycolic peel has little to no downtime. This treatment is best done in a series of treatments.
Jessner’s Peel combines salicylic acid, lactic acid, and resorcinol for a deep penetration and exfoliation of the top layers of the dermis. This medium-depth peel is known as our seven-day peel and can treat uneven skin texture, lines, wrinkles, and acne. It can also dramatically lighten areas of hyperpigmentation on mature, sun-damaged skin. Jessner’s Peel causes new fibroblasts and collagen to develop, producing a regenerative effect that smooths and retextures your skin with results that are not typically achieved with AHA or BHA fruit acid peels. Consultation recommended. Benefits include:
- skin rejuvenation and improved texture
- reduced acne and acne scarring
- reduced ingrown hairs
- reduced hyperpigmentation
- reduced fine lines and wrinkles
- improved overall complexion and a youthful glow
TCA peels use trichloroacetic acid as a stronger, deeper, and more aggressive chemical treatment for serious skin flaws. In addition to tightening and firming facial skin for a younger and more attractive complexion, TCA peels also immensely increase the production of collagen. The new surface skin is clear, smooth, and even in tone. TCA peels are commonly used to treat sun damage, age spots, and freckles by lightening them and causing them to peel or flake off.
ZO® Stimulator Peel
The ZO® Stimulator Peel is a “lunchtime” peel that offers no downtime. A revolutionary combination of salicylic, lactic, and citric acids exfoliates away dead skin cells and stimulates cellular turnover to reduce fine lines and improve skin tone and texture. The treatment soothes, repairs, and restores the skin to induce cellular renewal, reduce collagen degradation, restore elasticity, protect against photoaging, and preserve the skin. It can also reduce pore size and treat brown spots.
ZO® 3-Step Peel™
This innovative peel provides skin renewal and stimulation for all skin types. Using a unique blend of retinol, exfoliants, and multi-action agents, the ZO® 3-Step Peel™ significantly rejuvenates the skin and treats signs of aging. The treatment also reinforces the natural protective skin barrier and helps the skin to repair and renew itself. This dual-action peel is used to treat melasma, acne, fine lines, skin texture, enlarged pores, and skin vibrancy and is followed by an at-home treatment for longer-lasting results. Clients should avoid direct exposure to the sun for 7 to 10 days following treatment.
Hyperpigmentation Laser Treatments
excel V™ Laser Genesis™ by CUTERA®
30 minutes • $250
The excel V™ system with Laser Genesis™ uses a unique, high-powered green laser to precisely treat a variety of skin conditions, such as vascular lesions, hyperpigmentation, rosacea, port wine stains, sun damage, enlarged pores, scars, fine lines, and wrinkles. As the laser light is absorbed, it gently heats the upper dermis and penetrates the deeper dermal layers with advanced cooling technology so that it can deliver high doses of energy with less irritation, no bruising, and no downtime. Subtle, yet consistent results can be seen after every treatment, ultimately restoring normal skin tone and color for patients of nearly every skin type. Many conditions can be resolved with just one or two treatments, though some may require between four and six treatments. Patient conditions and needs vary. This treatment is a great addition to any of our facial treatments. More details about excel V™ Laser Genesis™ by CUTERA® can be found here.
Icon™ 1540 Laser Fractional Non-Ablative Laser
Priced By Consultation
This laser treatment offers superior results with little or no downtime. The 1540 fractional microbeams of light penetrate deep into the epidermis and dermis, stimulating fibroblasts to produce more collagen. The treatment induces controlled thermal injury that triggers a natural healing response to form healthy, new tissue and improve the appearance of the skin. This fractional non-ablative approach can significantly improve pigmentation, fine lines, skin firmness, acne scars, stretch marks, surgical scars, and skin texture. A series of two to four treatments is recommended for optimal results.
IPL/Photofacial Skin Rejuvenation
$75 spot treatment; $150 per area; $350 full face
Intense pulsed light (IPL), also called photofacial or photorejuvenation treatment, is a non-surgical skin procedure that uses light energy to correct skin irregularities and reverse signs of aging. IPL can treat a wide range of skin conditions, including hyperpigmentation, facial telangiectasia (broken facial capillaries), fine lines, wrinkles, and more. After a series of treatments, the skin will look brighter, healthier, and rejuvenated. Consultation required. This treatment is best done in a series of three to five treatments.
PicoSure™ FOCUS Lens Array
$450 per treatment
PicoSure™ Focus is a highly unique laser that is the next generation for skin revitalization and rejuvenation. This treatment addresses sun damage (skin discoloration), fine lines, texture, scars, and even stretch marks. A quick and gentle treatment allows the lens array to reach precise skin depths. Each pulse treats only 10 percent of the skin at the high-energy picosecond Focus level, and the remaining 90 percent of the skin receives the lower level energy. This allows deeper penetration into the dermis and promotes collagen formation, elastin growth, and a non-traumatic tissue healing response that softens scars and stretch marks. The result is higher safety, only one to two days of tenderness, and better outcomes. Treatment is safe for all skin types and can be used on the face, neck, chest, hands, arms, and legs. A series of three treatments spaced three to four weeks apart is recommended for optimal results.
45 minutes • $125
Microdermabrasion is at the core of our medical spa services as the most trusted, gentle, and non-invasive skin rejuvenation treatment available today. We use a precision diamond-edge system with vacuum suction to rejuvenate the skin. A powerful, yet gentle anti-aging procedure, microdermabrasion refreshes, exfoliates, and renews your skin by reducing the appearance of wrinkles and fine lines, sun damage, age spots or brown spots, acne scars, and other skin imperfections. It can be administered alone or in combination with facials, chemical peels, or moisturizing treatments and brings a vibrant glow to your skin. This treatment is best done in a series of six treatments and can be added to any of our facials.
$80 per spot; Additional spots are $50 each; Maximum 3 to 4 spots per session
CryoClear® is a new and cutting edge technology that can treat brown spots and skin tags. CryoClear® freezes the epidermal layer to -79 degrees Celsius, delivering a safe and effective treatment with minimal destruction of healthy tissue. It’s extremely high efficacy rate makes CryoClear® an excellent treatment for skin tags, sun spots, and age or liver spots. A single 5-second treatment can usually produce the desired results, with the body sloughing away the treated spot and replacing it with new, healthy skin within 12 to 30 days. CryoClear® can be used alone or in combination with a chemical peel or microdermabrasion treatments.
If you have hyperpigmentation, contact The Spa at Spring Ridge to learn more about how our spa treatments can rejuvenate your skin. Call us at (610) 880-8265 or complete our online contact form to schedule your appointment.